It is easy to paint with a brush, as long as certain rules are followed to avoid leaving streaks or brush marks. The brush, or paintbrush, makes it possible to paint both large and small surfaces using little paint.
In this post, you will get to know the materials and steps for painting with a brush.
Which brush to choose?
To paint with a brush, choose the right material. Brushes are intended for specific uses or for the application of specific paints.
Brushes are suitable for different types of paint. The color of the handle of a brush indicates what type of paint or work it is intended for.
– If the handle is blue, the brush is intended for water-based paint (acrylic, vinyl, alkyd).
– If the handle is red, the brush is intended for oil painting (glycerol, epoxy, polyurethane).
– If the handle is brown, the brush is intended for varnish.
– If the handle is yellow, the brush is intended for all types of work.
– If the handle is purple, the brush is intended for decoration work.
1) Mix the paint
Before painting with a brush, prepare the paint by mixing it to distribute the pigments. You can add pigments to the paint to obtain the color you want.
In all cases, mix the paint so that the color is homogeneous. You can mix the paint manually (with a stick or a hand mixer) or with a drill equipped with a mixing whisk.
Mix the paint manually:
– Place a wooden stick or hand mixer in the center of the paint can.
– Mix the paint from the center outwards, from the bottom of the can upwards, from right to left and vice versa.
– Do not beat the mixture to prevent air bubbles from forming.
– The color of the paint must be homogeneous.
Mix the paint with a mixing whisk
If you mix the paint with a drill equipped with a mixing whisk:
– Plunge the mixing whisk into the center of the pot and turn on the drill, set it to a slow speed. Do not activate the percussion function of your drill!
– Move the mixing whisk towards the edges and bottom of the pot. Do not move the mixer too close to the surface to avoid splashing.
– The color of the paint should be uniform.
2) Prepare the brush
One of the faults of the brush is that it sheds its hairs, especially the first time it is used.
If you use a new brush:
– Crush the bristles of the brush with your fingers, without pulling or twisting them, in order to make the loose hairs fall out.
– Moisten the brush and run it over a smooth surface (wall, wooden board) to get rid of loose hairs.
3) Load the paintbrush with paint
Dip the brush into the paint to load it:
– Hold the brush vertically.
– Dip the bristles of the brush two-thirds of the way into the paint to load the brush.
– Remove the overflow of paint by wringing it out on the edge of the jar, the paint must not run.
4. Apply the paint with the brush
It is important to hold the brush firmly when you paint.
How to hold the brush?
– You can hold the brush in whatever way you feel most comfortable, full hand, or the same way you hold a pen.
– Hold the brush by the handle. To work accurately, place your fingers on the ferrule (the metal part that holds the bristles of the brush).
Spread the paint
Apply the paint methodically, if you are painting a large area, divide it into areas of 1 m² that you will paint gradually. Do it this way:
– Press the brush on the surface to be painted to bend the hairs without crushing them.
– Apply the paint in vertical strips, making up and down movements, and up and down again.
– Slightly overlap the strips of paint.
5) Cross the brush strokes
Once you have painted the vertical stripes, cross the brush strokes:
– Apply the paint in horizontal stripes, make movements from left to right, and vice versa.
– Overlap the strips of paint to cover the entire surface without leaving any gaps.
6) Smooth the surface
When you have covered the surface with paint, smooth to eliminate brush marks and unify the result. Proceed this way:
– Do not refill the paintbrush.
– Move the brush up and down and up and down with light pressure.
– When you have smoothed the paint, paint the next square, making sure to overlap the areas.
Note: If the painted surface is wood, the last pass should be in the direction of the grain.
7. Painting corners with a brush
To accurately paint the corners of walls or ceilings, for example, use a paintbrush. This is a brush with a small diameter, round at the base and pointed at the end.
Carry on your work this way:
– Hold the paintbrush as if you were holding a pen.
– Press the brush against the wall without crushing it.
– To work with precision, use your little finger.
8. Clean the equipment
Once you’re done painting, clean the brushes.
– Wipe the paint off on a piece of paper or cardboard.
– If you’ve applied water-based paint, clean the brush thoroughly with warm soapy water until all traces of paint are removed.
– If you have applied oil paint, clean the brush in a tray with the corresponding solvent. This is the same solvent in which the paint is diluted.
– Rinse with clear water.
– Wring out the brush without wringing its bristles.
In the case of a new natural bristle brush:
– Let the brush soak overnight in linseed oil at ¾ of the bristles.
– Rinse it with warm soapy water, taking care to remove all traces of paint.
– Wring it out without twisting it from the ferrule (the metal part that holds the bristles of the brush) to the top of the bristles.
To clean a new synthetic bristle brush:
– Let the brush soak overnight in clear water at ¾ of the bristles.
– If traces of paint remain, rinse with clear water to remove them.
– Wring it out without wringing it out, from the ferrule to the top of the bristles.
Hope those 8 steps above help you out. If you doubt carrying out the painting task by yourself at the risk of a big mess in your home, you can call Brito Home Painting for a stress-free professional home painting.
And, remember to leave your comments and share your experience with our readers!